English Intern
    Kommunikationspsychologie und Neue Medien


    In press/advance online publications

    Appel, M. (in press). Affective Resistance to Narrative Persuasion. Journal of Business Research. [pdf]

    Appel, M., & Mengelkamp, C. (in press). Watching videos on a smartphone: Do small screens impair narrative transportation? Media Psychology. [pdf]

    Appel, M. & Prietzel, F. (in press). The detection of political deepfakes. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. [pdf]

    Marker, C., Gnambs, T., & Appel, M. (in press). Exploring the myth of the chubby gamer: A meta-analysis on sedentary video gaming and body mass. Social Science and Medicine. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.05.030 [pdf]

    Messingschlager, T. V., & Appel, M. (in press). Creative artificial intelligence and narrative transportation. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. [pdf]

    Rudloff, J. P., Hutmacher, F., & Appel, M. (in press). Beliefs about the nature of knowledge shape responses to the pandemic: Epistemic beliefs, the dark factor of personality, and COVID-19-related conspiracy ideation and behavior. Journal of Personality. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12706 [pdf]

    Stein, J.-P., Cimander, P. & Appel, M. (in press). Power-posing robots: The influence of a humanoid robot’s posture and size on its perceived dominance, competence, eeriness, and threat. International Journal of Social Robotics. [pdf]

    Weber, S., Appel, M., Steffens, M. C., & Hirschhäuser, V. (in press). Just a joke? Can sexist comedy harm women’s cognitive performance?. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000369 [pdf]


    Grundke, A., Stein, J.-P., & Appel, M. (2022). Mind-reading machines: Distinct user responses to thought-detecting and emotion-detecting robots. Technology, Mind, and Behavior, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1037/tmb0000053 [pdf]

    Hutmacher, F., Reichardt, R., & Appel, M. (2022). The role of motivated science reception and numeracy in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Public Understanding of Science, 31(1), 19-34. https://doi.org/10.1177/09636625211047974 [pdf]

    Mara, M., Appel, M., & Gnambs, T. (2022). Human-like robots and the uncanny valley: A meta-analysis of user responses based on the Godspeed Scales. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 230(1), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1027/2151-2604/a000486 [pdf]


    Appel, M., Lugrin, B., Kühle, M. & Heindl, C. (2021). The emotional robotic storyteller: On the influence of affect congruency on narrative transportation, robot perception, and persuasion. Computers in Human Behavior, 120, 106749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106749 [pdf]

    Appel, M., & Weber, S. (2021). Do mass mediated stereotypes harm members of negatively stereotyped groups? A meta-analytical review on media-generated stereotype threat and stereotype lift. Communication Research, 48(2), 151-179. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650217715543 [pdf]

    Mara, M., Stein, J. P., Latoschik, M. E., Lugrin, B., Schreiner, C., Hostettler, R., & Appel, M. (2021). User responses to a humanoid robot observed in real life, virtual reality, 3D and 2D. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 633178 [pdf]

    Oliver, M. B., Raney, A. A., Janicke-Bowles, S. H., Dale, K. R., Appel, M., & Bartsch, A. (2021). Model of media inspiration. Journal of Media Psychology, 33(4), 191-201. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000305 [pdf]

    Weber, S., Stiglbauer, B., Kronberger, N., & Appel, M. (2021). The individual development of cultural identity and psychological well-being among adolescents with a migrant background in Austria: A longitudinal study. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology 27(4), 684–695. https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000451 [pdf]


    Appel, M., Izydorczyk, D., Weber, S., Mara, M., & Lischetzke, T. (2020). The uncanny of mind in a machine: Humanoid robots as tools, agents, and experiencers. Computers in Human Behavior, 102, 274-286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.07.031 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Marker, C., & Gnambs, T. (2020). Are social media ruining our lives? A review of meta-analytic evidence. Review of General Psychology, 24, 60-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/1089268019880891 [pdf]

    Gnambs, T., Stasielowicz, L., Wolter, I., & Appel, M. (2020). Do computer games jeopardize educational outcomes? A prospective study on gaming times and academic achievement. Psychology of Popular Media, 9, 69-82. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000204 [pdf]

    Krause, S., & Appel, M. (2020). Stories and the self: Assimilation, contrast, and the role of being transported into the narrative world. Journal of Media Psychology, 32(2), 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000255 [pdf]

    Stein, J.-P., & Appel, M. (2020). How to deal with researcher harassment in the social sciences. Nature Human Behavior, 5, 178–180. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-01011-6 [pdf]

    Tiede, K. & Appel, M. (2020). Reviews, expectations, and the experience of stories. Media Psychology 23(3), 365-390. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2019.1602055 [pdf]


    Appel, M., & Gnambs, T. (2019). Shyness and social media use: A meta-analytic summary of moderating and mediating effects. Computers in Human Behavior, 98, 294-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.04.018 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Krisch, N., Stein, J. P., & Weber, S. (2019). Smartphone zombies! Pedestrians’ distracted walking as a function of their fear of missing out. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 63, 130-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.04.003 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Marker, C., & Mara, M. (2019). Otakuism and the appeal of sex robots. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article 569. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00569 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Schreiner, C., Isberner, M.-B., & Richter, T. (2019). The mediating role of event-congruent emotions in narrative persuasion. Poetics, 77, 101385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poetic.2019.101385 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Slater, M. D., & Oliver, M. B. (2019). Repelled by virtue? The dark triad and eudaimonic narratives. Media Psychology, 22, 769-794. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2018.1523014 [pdf]

    Gnambs, T., & Appel, M. (2019). Are robots becoming unpopular? Changes in attitudes towards autonomous robotic systems in Europe. Computers in Human Behavior, 93, 53-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.11.045 [link]

    Isberner, M.-B., Richter, T., Schreiner, C., Eisenbach, Y., Sommer, C., & Appel, M. (2019). Empowering stories: Transportation into narratives with strong protagonists increases self-related control beliefs. Discourse Processes, 56, 575-598. https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2018.1526032 [pdf]

    Slater, M. D., Oliver, M. B., & Appel, M. (2019). Poignancy and mediated wisdom of experience: Narrative impacts on willingness to accept delayed rewards. Communication Research, 46, 333-354. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650215623838 [link]


    Appel, M., Schreiner, C., Weber, S., Mara, M., & Gnambs, T (2018). Intensity of Facebook use is associated with lower self-concept clarity: Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence. Journal of Media Psychology, 30, 160-172. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000192 [pdf]

    Gnambs, T., & Appel, M. (2018). Narcissism and social networking behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality, 86, 200-212. [pdf]

    Marker, C., Gnambs, T., Appel, M. (2018). Active on Facebook and failing at school? Meta-analytic findings on the relationship between online social networking activities and academic achievement. Educational Psychology Review, 30, 651-677https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-017-9430-6 [pdf]

    Oliver, M. B., Raney, A. A., Slater, M. D., Appel, M., Hartmann, T., Bartsch, A., Schneider, F. M., Janicke, S. H., Krämer, N., Mares, M.-L., Vorderer, P., Rieger, D., Dale, K. R., & Das, E. (2018). Self-transcendent media experiences: Taking meaningful media to a higher level. Journal of Communication, 68, 380-389. https://doi.org/10.1093/joc/jqx020 [link]

    Schreiner, C., Appel, M., Isberner M.-B., & Richter, T. (2018). Argument strength and the persuasiveness of stories. Discourse Processes, 55, 371-386. https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2016.1257406 [pdf]

    Slater, M. D., Oliver, M. B., Appel, M., Tchernev, J. M., & Silver, N. A. (2018). Mediated wisdom of experience revisited: Delay discounting, acceptance of death, and closeness to future self. Human Communication Research, 44, 80-101. https://doi.org/10.1093/hcr/hqx004 [link]

    Weber, S., Kronberger, N., & Appel, M. (2018). Immigrant students’ educational trajectories: The influence of cultural identity and stereotype threat. Self & Identity, 17, 211-235. https://doi.org/10.1027/2512-8442/a000013 [pdf]

    Weichhart, G., Stary, C., & Appel, M. (2018). The Digital Dalton Plan: Progressive education as integral part of web-based learning environments. Knowledge Management & E-Learning, 10, 25–52. https://doi.org/10.34105/j.kmel.2018.10.002 [pdf]


    Gebbers, T., De Wit, J., & Appel, M. (2017). Transportation into narrative worlds and the motivation to change health-related behavior. International Journal of Communication, 11, 4886-4906. [pdf]

    Gnambs, T., & Appel, M. (2017). Is computer gaming associated with cognitive abilities? A population study among German adolescents. Intelligence, 61, 19-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2016.12.004 [pdf]

    Lischetzke, T., Izydorczyk, D., Hüller, C., & Appel, M. (2017). The topography of the uncanny valley and individuals’ need for structure: A nonlinear mixed effects analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 68, 96-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2017.02.001 [pdf]


    Appel, M. (2016). „Immer online, immer allein?“ – Zu den Auswirkungen des digitalen Wandels. In W. Lenhard (Hrsg.), Verhaltensstörungen im Jugendalter: Ausgewählte Determinanten und Phänomene (S. 58-65). Heidelberg: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47350-4

    Appel, M., Krause, S., Gleich, U., & Mara, M. (2016). Meaning through fiction: Science Fiction and innovative technologies. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 10, 472-480. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000052 [pdf]

    Batinic, B., Appel, M., & Gnambs, T. (2016). Examining individual differences in interpersonal influence: On the psychometric properties of the Generalized Opinion Leadership Scale (GOLS). Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 150, 88-101. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2015.1009415 [pdf]


    Appel, M., & Schreiner, C. (2015). Leben in einer digitalen Welt: Wissenschaftliche Befundlage und problematische Fehlschlüsse. Stellungnahme zur Erwiderung von Spitzer (2015). Psychologische Rundschau, 66, 119-123. https://doi.org/10.1026/0033-3042/a000252 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Gnambs, T., Richter, T., & Green, M. (2015). The Transportation Scale-Short Form (TS-SF). Media Psychology, 18, 243–266. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2014.987400 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Weber, S., & Kronberger, N. (2015). The influence of stereotype threat on immigrants: Review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, Article 900. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00900 [link]

    Gnambs, T., Appel, M., & Oeberst, A. (2015). Color red and risk-taking in online environments. PLOS ONE, 10(7): e0134033. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134033 [link]

    Mara, M., & Appel, M. (2015). Science fiction reduces the eeriness of android robots: A field experiment. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 156-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.007 [link]

    Mara, M., & Appel, M. (2015). Effects of lateral head tilt on user perceptions of android robots. Computers in Human Behavior, 44, 326-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.09.025 [link]

    Mara, M., & Appel, M. (2015). Roboter im Gruselgraben. Warum uns menschenähnliche Maschinen oft unheimlich sind. In-Mind 05/15. [link]

    Weber, S., Appel, M., & Kronberger, N. (2015). Stereotype threat and the cognitive performance of adolescent immigrants: The role of cultural identity strength. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 42, 71-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2015.05.001 [pdf]


    Appel, M. (2014). Digitale Demenz. In Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (17. Aufl.). Huber.

    Appel, M., Mara, M., & Weber, S. (2014). Media and Identity. In M. B. Oliver & A. Raney (Eds.), Media and Social Life (pp. 16-28). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315794174-2 

    Appel, M., & Schreiner, C. (2014). Digitale Demenz? Mythen und wissenschaftliche Befundlage zur Auswirkung von Internetnutzung. Psychologische Rundschau, 65, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1026/0033-3042/a000186 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Stiglbauer, B., Batinic, B., & Holtz, P. (2014). Internet use and verbal aggression: The moderating role of parents and peers. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 235-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.007 [pdf]

    Gnambs, T., Appel, M., Schreiner, C., Richter, T., & Isberner, M.-B. (2014). Experiencing narrative worlds: A latent state-trait analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 69, 187-192https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.05.034 [pdf]

    Richter, T., Appel, M., & Calio, F. (2014). Stories can influence the self-concept. Social Influence, 9, 172-188. https://doi.org/10.1080/15534510.2013.799099 [pdf]


    Appel, M., &  Mara, M. (2013). The persuasive influence of a fictional character’s trustworthiness. Journal of Communication, 63, 912-932. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcom.12053 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Richter, T., Mara, M., & Lindinger, C., & Batinic, B. (2013). Whom to tell a moving story? Personality and persuasion profiling in the field of narrative persuasion. In C. P. Haugtvedt & D. Ewoldsen, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Persuasive Technology: Persuasive Technology and Design: Enhancing Sustainability and Health. ACM Conference Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1145/2467803.2467809 [link]

    Batinic, B., & Appel, M. (2013). Mass communication, social influence, and consumer behavior: Two field experiments. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1353–1368. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12090 [link]

    Mara, M., Appel, M., Ogawa, H., Lindinger, C., Ogawa, E., Ishiguro, H., & Ogawa, K. (2013). Tell me your story, robot: introducing an android as fiction character leads to higher perceived usefulness and adoption intention. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction (pp. 193-194). IEEE Press. https://doi.org/10.1109/HRI.2013.6483567 [pdf]


    Appel, M. (2012). Are heavy users of computer games and social media more computer literate? Computers & Education, 59, 1339-1350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2012.06.004 [pdf]

    Appel, M. (2012). Anti-immigrant propaganda by radical right parties and the intellectual performance of adolescents. Political Psychology, 33, 483-493. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2012.00902.x [pdf]

    Appel, M., Gnambs, T., & Maio, G. R. (2012). A short measure of the need for affect. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 418-426. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2012.666921 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Holtz, P., Stiglbauer, B., & Batinic, B. (2012). Parents as a resource: Communication quality affects the relationship between adolescents’ Internet use and loneliness. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 1641-1648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.08.003 [pdf]

    Appel, M., & Kronberger, N. (2012). Stereotype threat and the achievement gap: Stereotype threat prior to test taking. Educational Psychology Review, 24, 609-635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-012-9200-4 [pdf]

    Appel, M., & Maleckar, B. (2012). The influence of paratext on narrative persuasion. Fact, fiction, or fake? Human Communication Research, 38, 459-484. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.2012.01432.x [pdf]

    Appel, M., Mara, M., & Odag, Ö. (2012). Persuasion durch Unterhaltungsangebote. In L. Reinecke & S. Trepte (Hrsg.), Unterhaltung in neuen Medien (S. 344-360). von Halem.


    Appel, M. (2011). A story about a stupid person can make you act stupid (or smart): Behavioral assimilation (and contrast) as narrative impact. Media Psychology, 14, 144-167. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2011.573461 [pdf]

    Appel, M., Kronberger, N., & Aronson, J. (2011). Stereotype Threat impedes ability building: Effects on test preparation among women in science and technology. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 904-913. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.835 [pdf]

    Holtz, P., & Appel, M. (2011). Internet use and video gaming predict problem behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 49-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.02.004 [pdf]

    Appel, M., & Jodlbauer, S. (2011). The effects of media violence. In D. Christie (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology (pp. 621-625). Wiley-Blackwell.


    Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2010). Transportation and need for affect in narrative persuasion: A mediated moderation model. Media Psychology, 13, 101-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213261003799847 [pdf]

    Bartsch, A., Appel, M., & Storch, D. (2010). Predicting emotions and meta-emotions at the movies. The role of the need for affect in audiences’ experience of horror and drama. Communication Research, 37, 167-190. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650209356441 [link]

    Gnambs, T., Appel, M., & Batinic, B. (2010). Color red in web-based knowledge testing. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1625-1631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.06.010 [link]

    Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2010). Wirken “pure Emotionen” auf alle Rezipienten/innen gleichermaßen überzeugend? Zur Wirkung von Stories aus Perspektive der politischen Kommunikation. In C. Schemer,  W. Wirth, & C. Wünsch (Hrsg.), Politische Kommunikation. Wahrnehmung, Verarbeitung, Wirkung (pp. 115-130). Nomos. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845223360-117

    2009 and earlier

    Batinic, B., & Appel, M. (2009). Online-Bewerbungen aus Sicht von Bewerbern und Unternehmen. Zeitschrift für Personalpsychologie, 8, 14-23. https://doi.org/10.1026/1617-6391.8.1.14 [pdf]

    Appel, M. (2008). Fictional narratives cultivate just world beliefs. Journal of Communication, 58, 62-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2007.00374.x [pdf]

    Appel, M. (2008). Manche mögen´s heiß. Ergebnisse der deutschsprachigen Version eines Instruments zur Erfassung des Emotionsmotivs (need for emotion / need for affect). Diagnostica, 54, 2-15. https://doi.org/10.1026/0012-1924.54.1.2 [pdf]

    Appel, M. (2008). Constanze Rossmann: Fiktion Wirklichkeit. Ein Modell der Informationsverarbeitung im Kultivierungsprozess. Wiesbaden: VS.Publizistik, 53, 423-424. (Rezension)

    Batinic, B., & Appel, M. (Hrsg.) (2008). Lehrbuch Medienpsychologie. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-46899-8

    Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2008). Der Sleeper-Effekt. In N.C. Krämer, S. Schwan, D. Unz & M. Suckfüll (Hrsg.), Schlüsselbegriffe der Medienpsychologie (S. 284-289). Kohlhammer.

    Appel, M. (2008). Medien-vermittelte Stereotype und Vorurteile. In B. Batinic & M. Appel (Hrsg.), Medienpsychologie (S. 113-136). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-46899-8_13 

    Appel, M. (2008). Andrea Claudia Hoffmann: Kopfkino. Wie Medien unsere Träume erfüllen. Konstanz: UVK. Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, 56, 474-475. (Rezension). https://doi.org/10.5771/1615-634x-2008-3-4-474

    Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2007). Persuasive effects of fictional narratives increase over time. Media Psychology, 10, 113-134. [pdf]

    Appel, M. (2007). Persuasion durch Fiktionen: Kurz- und mittelfristige Wirkungen auf (stereotype) Überzeugungen, In S. Trepte & E. Witte (Hrsg.), Sozialpsychologie und Medien: Von Persuasion bis CMC (S. 60-80). Pabst.

    Appel, M. (2007). Some ideas on learning through (micro-) narratives. In M. Lindner & P. A. Bruck (Eds.), Micromedia and corporate learning. Proceedings of the 3rd International Microlearning Conference (pp. 142-149). Innsbruck University Press.

    Appel, M., Kronberger, N., Wiesner, A., & Batinic, B. (2007). Gender difference in technological sciences as self-fulfilling prophecies: Stereotype Threat in e-learning. In K. Siebenhandl, M. Wagner & S. Zauchner (Eds.), Gender in e-learning and educational games (pp. 85-89). Studienverlag.

    Appel, M. (2005). Realität durch Fiktionen. Rezeptionserleben, Medienkompetenz und Überzeugungsänderungen. Dissertation. Logos.

    Appel, M., Koch, E., & Schreier, M. (2003). Biologisches versus soziales Geschlecht: Modelle, Diagnose, Wertung. Kölner Psychologische Studien, 8, 1-57.

    Appel, M., Koch, E., Schreier, M., & Groeben, N. (2002). Aspekte des Leseerlebens: Skalenentwicklung. Zeitschrift für Medienpsychologie, 14, 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1026//1617-6383.14.4.149 [link]

    Schreier, M., & Appel, M. (2002). Realitäts-Fiktions-Unterscheidungen als Aspekt einer kritisch-konstruktiven Mediennutzungskompetenz. In N. Groeben & B. Hurrelmann (Hrsg.), Medienkompetenz. Voraussetzungen, Dimensionen, Funktionen (S. 231-254). Juventa.